13. März 2024

A standardized wound infection model for antimicrobial testing of wound dressings in vitro


C Wiegand, S Fink, DC Mogrovejo, M Ruhlandt, V Wiencke, T Eberlein, FHH Brill, J Tittelbach


International Wound Journal | https://doi.org/10.1111/iwj.14811 | First published: 13 March 2024 | Volume21, Issue3, March 2024, e14811


To investigate the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents against wound infections, experiments using either 2D cultures with planktonic microorganisms or animal infection models are frequently carried out. However, the transferability of the results to human skin is limited by the lack of complexity of the 2D models or by the poor translation of the results from animal models. Hence, there is a need for wound infection models capable of assessing antimicrobial agents. In this study, an easily standardized wound infection model was established. This model consists of a mechanically wounded human skin model on a collagen matrix infected with various clinically relevant bacteria. Infection of the model led to recognition of the pathogens and induction of an inflammatory response. The untreated infection spread over time, causing significant tissue damage. By applying an antimicrobial-releasing wound dressing, the bacterial load could be reduced and the success of the treatment could be further measured by a decrease in the inflammatory reaction. In conclusion, this wound infection model can be used to evaluate new antimicrobial therapeutics as well as to study host-pathogen interactions.